Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh!

Salatul Janzah is Fard Kafayah, that is, if one offers the prayer than all are free from the responsibility otherwise all those who received the news but did not come are sinners. Delaying the Janazah could cause many issues including spreading of Diseases .
There are five main points for the preparation of a Muslim’s body for burial:

I.Body-Washing or “Ghusl”
II. Wrapping (Kafan)
III. Prayers (Salat)
IV. Funeral
V. Burial

I.Body-Washing or “Ghusl”

Washing the deceased’s body is obligatory on Muslims; it is a Fard Kifaya , i.e., if some members take the responsibility of doing it the need is fulfilled, but if no one fulfills it then all Muslims will be accountable.

Washing can be carried out in the following way:

1. A man’s body should be washed by men and a women’s by women, but a child’s body may be washed by either sex. A husband can wash his wife’s body and vice-versa if the need arises.

2. Only one person is needed for washing with someone to help him.

3. It is better to choose for this the person who knows best how to perform ghusl .

4. Place the body on a high place, e.g., a table or something similar.

5. Remove the deceased’s clothes (garments) leaving the private parts covered.

6. Press the stomach gently and clean whatever comes out.

7. For washing, use a piece of cloth or your hands.

8. Only clean water may be used; add some scented oils (non- alcoholic) in the final wash. It is preferable to use warm water.

9. Perform ablution ( wudu ) for the body, cleaning the teeth and nose from outside only.

10. Wash three times, but if the body is not yet cleaned, continue washing five or seven times – it must be odd numbers.

Turn the body on its left side and begin washing the right side. Then turn it on its right side to wash the left side. This is done in each wash. The first and the second washes are done with water and soap, while the last one with water and scent.

11. Hair should be unbraided, washed and combed. For women it may again be braided in three braids.

12. Dry the body with a clean cloth or towel.

13. Add some perfume on the head, forehead, nose, hands, knees, eyes, armpits, and place perfumed cotton on the front and rear openings.

II. Wrapping (Kafan)

1. It must be a clean piece of cloth (preferably white) to cover the whole body.

2. Add some perfume to the kafan (non-alcoholic) .

3. Do not use silk cloth for men.

4. Use three pieces for men and five for women, [but each one must cover the whole body.]

5. Tie the front and the rear with a piece of cloth (from the same kafan ) in such a way that one can differentiate the head from the legs.

III. Prayers (Salat)

1. It is clear from this description that all this prayer is done while one is standing – there is no ruku or sujud in it.

2. It is better that those praying divide themselves into three or more odd number of rows facing the qibla with the Imam in front.

3. Put the body (or bodies) in front of the Imam.

4. The Imam should stand by the middle of the body if the deceased is a man and by the shoulder if she is a woman.

5. If there is more than one body, then they should be put one in front of the other, those of the men nearest to the Imam and those of the women furthest from him.

6. Having the appropriate neeyat in your heart, raise your hands in the usual manner and say, Allahu Akbar.

7. Then fold and hold your hands on your breast in the usual manner, the right hand on the left.

8. Read Sana quietly.

Subhanaka Allah humma wa bihamdika, wa tabaraka ismuka, wa ta’ala jadduka, wa la ilaha ghairuk

(Glory be to You Oh Allah, and praise be to You, and blessed is Your name, and exalted is Your Majesty, and there is none to be served besides You.)

9. Read al Fatiha quietly. Salaat Janazah is also a Salaat Prayer.

Whoever does not recite Al_Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid. (Hadeeth_Shahi_ Bukhari_Vol- 1, Book-12, Hadith-723).

Al-Fatihah, or the Opening Chapter

  1. Bismillah e errahman e erraheem
  2. Al humdo lil-lahi rab-bil al ala-meen.
  3. Arrahman i erraheem.
  4. Maliki yaum i eddeen.
  5. Iyyaka nabudu wa iyyaka nasta een.
  6. Ihdina assirata al mustaqeem.
  7. Sirata allazhina anamta alaihim, ghairil maghdubi alaihim, wa la adhdhaal leen. (Aameen)

Translation by Yusuf Ali

001.001 In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

001.002 Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds;

001.003 Most Gracious, Most Merciful;

001.004 Master of the Day of Judgment.

001.005 Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.

001.006 Show us the straight way,

001.007 The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray.

( AMEEN – meaning May Allah accept our Pray. The above seven verses must be read before start reciting the Quraan)

10. Say AIlahu Akbar without raising the hands.

11. Pray Darood Ibraaheemi for the Prophet in the same way as you do in tashahud .

Allah umma salli a’la Muhammadin wa ala aali Muhummadin, kama sallaita ala Ibraheema, wa ala aali Ibraheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allah u mma barik a’la Muhammadin wa ala aali Muhummadin, kama barakta ala Ibraheema, wa ala aali Ibraheem, innaka h ameedun majeed.

(O Allah! shower Your mercy upon Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad , as You showered Your mercy upon Ibrahim and the followers of Ibrahim. Behold, Your are Praiseworthy, Glorious.

Oh Allah! Shower Your blessing upon Muhammad , and the followers of Muhammad as You showered Your blessings upon Ibrahim and the followers of Ibrahim. Behold, You are Praiseworthy, Glorious.)

12. Say Allahu Akbar ( don’t raise your hands ).

13. Make Duaa for the deceased.

Allahummagh Firlee Hayehtena Wa Mayehtena Wa Shahideena Wa Ghaibeena Wa Sagheerenaa Wa Kabeerenaa Wa Zakarenaa Wa Unsaanaa, Allahumma mun Ahyeetuhoo Minna Faa Ahyeehee Alal Islaam, Wa Mun Tawaffaeetahoo Minna Fatawaffahoo Allal Emaan

(Oh Allah! Forgive those of us that are alive and those of us that are dead; those of us that are present and those of us who are absent; those of us who are young and those of us who are adults; our males and our females. Oh Allah! Whomsoever You keep alive, let him live as a follower of Islam and whomsoever You cause to die, let him die a Believer.)

14. Say Allahu Akbar ( don’t raise your hands ).

15. T urn the head both sides by saying Assalaamu ‘Alaikum Warahmatullah , thus finishing the prayer,

IV. Funeral

1. Procession: Mourners should walk in front or beside the bier. Those who are riding or driving should follow it.

2. Silence is recommended.

3. It is absolutely forbidden to accompany the body with music or crying.

V. Burial

1. The grave should be deep, wide and well made. It is recommended that it consist of two excavations, one inside the other. It is recommended that the smaller one called lahd be dug on the side of the larger one facing the qibla.

2. It is in this one that the body is put.

3. The deceased’s body should he laid on the ground with the face toward the qibla, the direction of the ka’aba .

4. While laying it say

Bismillahee Wa Aal Millat e Rasool Allah

5. It is not recommended to use a casket unless there is a need for it, e.g., if the soil is very loose or wet. A stone, or bricks or some soil should he put under the deceased’s head to raise it up.

6. Do not use a pillow or put anything with the deceased inside the grave.

7. Cover the lahd (Grave) with bricks so that they become like a roof for it. Pour three handfuls of soil.

When throwing the first handful recite : Minha Khalaqnakum

With the second handful recite :          Wafeeha Nooeedukum

And at the time of the third handful, recite : Wa Minha Nukhrijookum Taaratan Ukhraa

8. Fill the larger pit with soil. It is preferable that each one of those present share in this by pouring three handfuls of soil. Raise the level of the grave a little less than one foot in a sloping way.

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{Invite (mankind, O Muhammad ) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur'an) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.}
(Holy Quran-16:125)

{And who is better in speech than he who [says: "My Lord is Allah (believes in His Oneness)," and then stands straight (acts upon His Order), and] invites (men) to Allah's (Islamic Monotheism), and does righteous deeds, and says: "I am one of the Muslims."} (Holy Quran-41:33)

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "By Allah, if Allah guides one person by you, it is better for you than the best types of camels." [al-Bukhaaree, Muslim]

The prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)  also said, "Whoever calls to guidance will have a reward similar to the reward of the one who follows him, without the reward of either of them being lessened at all."
[Muslim, Ahmad, Aboo Daawood, an-Nasaa'ee, at-Tirmidhee, Ibn Maajah